Good news for fans of Ferrero chocolates

On September 16, 2022, Belgium’s food safety authority (AFSCA) issued a final authorization for production for Ferraro’s manufacturing facility, located at Arlon.

The Arlon plant produces Kinder Surprise and other novelty chocolate products, and has been operating under a conditional authorization since June.

What happened?

On April 2, 2022, the UK Food Standards Agency alerted consumers to potential Salmonella contamination in certain batches of Kinder Surprise chocolates.

On April 8th, Belgium announced its decision to withdraw Ferrero’s authorization to manufacture food products at its Arlon plant, where the Kinder Surprise chocolates were made.

The decision, according to AFSCA, was due to the presence of Salmonella in the plant’s environment, the agency’s dissatisfaction with the lack of transparency on the part of the company regarding its Salmonella problem, and reports of Salmonella illnesses associated with the products from that plant.

In response to the AFSCA action, Ferrero expanded its initial recall to encompass all products manufactured in the Arlon facility. In doing so, the company also acknowledged that it had been aware of a Salmonella contamination problem in its production plant since December 15, 2021.

According to the European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC), as of July 15th, 401 confirmed (n=399) and probable (n=2) cases of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium had been reported in 13 EU member countries and the UK. An additional 54 cases were reported in Canada (n=4), Switzerland (n=49), and United States (n=1).

Specific chocolate products from a Belgian chocolate factory were identified as likely vehicles of infection in the ECDC report, although the agency did not mention the company by name.

A new beginning

Following extensive cleaning, testing, and updates to product safety protocols, trainings, and sampling in the plant, conducted by Ferrero in concert with the AFSCA, the Belgian agency granted Ferrero conditional authorisation to restart its production lines on June 17, 2022.

After three months of probationary production, the authorization has now been finalized.

In announcing the authorization, Ferrero expressed its gratitude with AFSCA’s close collaboration and its assistance, and promised to do better going forward.

“We have learned a lot during this period and have quickly put these learnings into practice,” the company said in its news release. “The granting of our production licence means everything is in place for our factory to produce with confidence and we will continue to do everything we can to prevent this from happening again.”

You can find additional background information on a prior Salmonella outbreak associated with chocolate novelty products in Chapter 15 of TAINTED. From Farm Gate to Dinner Plate, Fifty Years of Food Safety Failures. Available in digital, print, and audiobook editions.

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“Reads like a true crime novel” – Food Safety News

Abbott, Ferrero & Strauss – Oh, My!

Analysis and Op-Ed

Although the names sound as though they belong on the letterhead of a law practice, or of an accounting firm, Abbott Nutrition, Ferrero International, and Strauss Group are three distinct companies, located in North America, Europe, and the Middle East, respectively.

Each of these companies is currently managing multinational product recalls.

And two of the recalls have been associated with outbreaks of foodborne disease.

Strauss – Elite Chocolate

On April 19, 2022, Strauss notified Israel’s Ministry of Health that routine testing had revealed the presence of Salmonella “in the manufacturing area” of the company’s Nof HaGlil’ production facility.

The factory manufactures a range of Elite brand chocolate products, and also supplies chocolate to other food processors.

The Ministry of Health instructed Strauss to conduct more extensive tests on its finished products, raw materials, and production environment.

On April 21, 2022, using a rapid test, Strauss found indications of Salmonella in some raw material.

It took an additional three days to confirm these preliminary positive results, during which time no warning was issued to the public. Nor, as far as we can tell, was any product put on hold.

On April 24, 2022, once the preliminary results had been confirmed, Strauss initiated a recall of multiple Elite chocolate products, explaining that Salmonella had been discovered in the production line at the company’s Nof HaGlil’ manufacturing plant. Samples of chocolate used as an ingredient for other products also tested positive for Salmonella.

On April 25, 2022, Unilever Israel recalled multiple ice cream products that contained chocolate supplied by Strauss.

On April 27, 2022, more than one full week after first reporting the presence of Salmonella in the production plant, Strauss expanded its recall to include all expiration dates of all products manufactured by Elite’s chocolate factory, including Elite cakes, Elite wafers, cereal energy bars, chocolate-coated energy rice crisps, bubble gums and taffy candies.

The company has suspended operations at the manufacturing facility while it conducts and investigation into the cause and source of the contamination and carries out an intensive cleaning and sanitizing of the production area.

In addition to being sold throughout Israel, products manufactured in the Nof HaGlil’ facility were exported to multiple countries, including Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Spain, United Kingdom and United States.

Although Israel’s Ministry of Health has not announced any indications of an outbreak linked to the recalled chocolates, The Jerusalem Post reported that a 10-year-old boy was diagnosed with Salmonella on April 27th after being admitted to hospital with severe dehydration as a result of extensive vomiting and diarrhea.

Ferrero – Kinder chocolate products

On December 15, 2021, Ferrero detected Salmonella on the surface and in residual raw materials samples taken from buttermilk tanks in its Arlon, Belgium manufacturing facility.

The company did not notify the Belgian food safety authority of this finding until early April 2022.

Instead, Ferrero suspended production, destroyed the affected semi-finished product, carried out a deep cleaning of the entire line, and resumed production. Finished product manufactured on the line was released for distribution following negative test results.

Additional samples tested in January 2022 also were positive for Salmonella, including two samples from two buttermilk tanks, recorded on January 11th.

As before, the company suspended production, deep-cleaned the line and gradually resumed production.

On February 17, 2022, the UK reported a cluster of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium cases to the European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC).

Between January 5th and February 8th, Ferrero had submitted nine Salmonella cultures to an Italian lab for serological and molecular typing.

Four of those cultures were a match for the outbreak strain.

By April 8, 2022, the ECDC had received reports of 150 cases from nine EU countries and the UK.

Most of the cases were in children less than ten years of age, and many of the children were hospitalized.

On April 8th, the Belgian food safety authority withdrew its production authorization for Ferrero’s Arlon manufacturing facility, announcing that it could not rely on the information the company had been providing.

That same day, Ferrero recalled all of the Kinder chocolate products manufactured in the Arlon facility.

As of April 19th, the number of cases had risen to 187 cases in 11 EU countries and the UK.

On April 22, 2022, the company expanded its recall to include additional products.

Abbott Nutrition – Powdered infant formula

It could be argued that Strauss’s delay in recalling its chocolate products was relatively minor and without any significant impact on public health.

It is more difficult to justify a similar argument in the case of Ferrero.

Had the company destroyed the finished products impacted by its buttermilk contamination rather than testing and releasing, a multi-national Salmonella outbreak most likely would have been avoided.

Yet, Ferrero’s actions pale in comparison to the situation at Abbott Nutriton’s Sturgis, Michigan production facility, as alleged in a whistleblower complaint lodged with the FDA last October.

According to the whistleblower, company management has been falsifying records, shortchanging preventative maintenance, skimping on sanitation, and turning a blind eye to microbiological problems in the plant.

While we have only the whisteblower’s word for many of the allegations, some of what he or she has reported has been substantiated in the FDA’s Establishment Inspection Reports from September 2019 and September 2021, and in the Inspectional Observations (FDA Form 483) documented during the January – March 2022 investigation of the Sturgis facility, as described in earlier eFoodAlert posts.

FDA actions vis-a-vis Abbott Nutrition

The apparent ease with which Abbott allegedly pulled the wool over the eyes of FDA inspectors during the 2019 and 2021 inspections is troubling, to say the least.

Even though the inspectors were advised during the September 2021 plant visit of consumer complaints of Salmonella infections associated with Abbott products, they did not carry out any independent environmental sampling during the course of their plant visits. Instead, they relied on the company’s reports of how the complaints were investigated and deemed to be unsubstantiated.

Reports of equipment maintenance also were taken at face value, as were sanitation records.

Coincidentally, while the FDA inspectors were on site at Abbott in September 2021, the agency was alerted to the first of four confirmed reports of Cronobacter sakazakii in an infant who had been fed an Abbott powdered infant formula.

The following month, on October 20, 2021, the whistleblower complaint was submitted to the FDA.

The agency did not get around to interviewing the whistleblower until late December, and the FDA did not begin its in-depth investigation into the operations of Abbott’s Sturgis facility until January 31, 2022.

By then, two additional reports of Cronobacter-infected infants and one report of a Salmonella-infected infant had been lodged with the FDA.

Before the completion of the January – March 2022 Abbott inspection, a fourth Cronobacter-infected infant was identified.


What next for food safety?

Had Ferrero been living up to its responsibility to produce safe food, there would have been no outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium in Europe and the UK.

Had Abbott been living up to its responsibility, the four infants would not have become infected with Cronobacter, and the parents of the two dead babies would have been spared a lifetime of grieving.

Likewise, had the FDA lived up to its responsibilities, Abbott’s behavior might have come to light at least two years ago, and the company would have been brought to heel.

There is no excuse for Ferrero, for Abbott Nutrition, or for the FDA.

It is time for food companies who flout good manufacturing practices and who put consumers at risk to pay for their malfeasance.

And it is past time for the US Congress to take a good, long, hard look at the way in which food safety is overseen in the United States.

Learn more about Salmonella in chocolate and Cronobacter sakazakii in infant formula in TAINTED. From Farm Gate to Dinner Plate, Fifty Years of Food Safety Failures, now available in digital, print and audiobook editions.

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“Reads like a true crime novel” – Food Safety News

Recalls and Alerts: April 9-11, 2022

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Here is today’s list of food safety recalls, product withdrawals, allergy alerts and miscellaneous compliance issues. The live links will take you directly to the official recall notices and company news releases that contain detailed information for each recall and alert.

If you would like to receive automatic email alerts for all new articles posted on eFoodAlert, please submit your request using the sidebar link.

Interested in learning more about food safety and the history of foodborne disease outbreaks and investigations? Click on the TAINTED menu at the top of the page to read or listen to a short excerpt, then follow the buy links to add a digital, print or audio copy to your personal library.

Listen to an excerpt of the new audiobook edition right here

Chapter 6. Birth of a Pathogen

International recall of Ferrero’s Kinder chocolate products

Ferrero has expanded its international recall of Kinder Surprise chocolate novelty products, linked to a multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium illnesses. Click on the country link to navigate to the most recent recall notice for that jurisdiction.


Food Safety Recall: Global Reach Confections & More Inc. recalls Verstegen brand “Mix Voor Nasi & Bami Goreng” (30g; Batch code 1005943233; Expiry date 31-12-2024) due to Salmonella contamination.


OUTBREAK INVESTIGATION (UK): The UK Health Security Agency is investigating a higher than usual number of cases of hepatitis in children in England. There are approximately 60 cases under investigation in children under 10 years of age. A similar investigation is underway in Scotland. In the cases under investigation the common viruses that cause hepatitis have not been detected.

Allergy Alert (Italy): Centro Latte Bressanone Soc. Agr. Coop. recalls Mozzarella Vivibene Selex Bocconcini “senza lattosio” / Lactose-free mozzarella (125g; Lots 94, 95 (03.05) – 96, 97 (05.05); Best before 03.05 and 05.05) due to undeclared lactose.

Allergy Alert (Netherlands): Albert Heijn recalls AH Krenten rozijnbrood / Currant raisin bread (5 slices/pkg; Best before April 16, 2022) due to undeclared nuts, barley, oats and rye.

Food Safety Recall (Belgium): Smartmat NV recalls Foodbag One Meal Box Plat de riz avec bœuf mariné et poivron / rice dish with marinated beef and bell pepper (Use by 10/04/2022 and 11/04/2022) and Lanières de bœuf marinées à la thaïlandaise / Thai-style marinated beef strips (Lots  220404 and 220405; Use by 11/04/2022 and 12/04/2022) due to Salmonella contamination.

Food Safety Recall (France): SA FROMAGERIE PIERRE JACQUIN ET FILS recalls JACQUIN brand Selles sur cher AOP Fermier cheese (Multiple lot codes and Best before dates) due to Listeria monocytogenes contamination. Please refer to the recall notice for a complete list of affected products.

Food Safety Recall (Ireland): Tesco recalls Tesco Free From Digestive Biscuits (160g; Best before end March 2023) due to possible foreign matter contamination (small pieces of metal).

Food Safety Recall (UK): Tesco recalls Tesco Free From Digestive Biscuits (160g; Best before end March 2023) due to possible foreign matter contamination (small pieces of metal).